# TIME FLIES! – Colour, Pattern, Measurement

Students construct a 3-dimensional analog clock and decorate it using crayon resist technique.

120 Minutes

Language Arts
Mathematics
Social Studies
Visual Arts

#### Vocabulary

analog clock colour crayon resist measurement pattern

#### Materials

Paper Fasteners Pipe Cleaners Large Paper Clips Rulers Googly Eyes and Other Embellishments Large Plastic Beads to fit Paper Fasteners Light Weight Bristol Board 29 cm x 29 cm (11.75" x 11.75") - 1 per student Light Weight Bristol Board 30 cm x 30 cm (11.75" x 11.75") - 1 per student White Glue Scissors Watercolour Paints Paint Brushes Water Containers Paper Towels Regular Crayons (Not Washable) Plastic Lid about 11.5 cm (4.5") diameter - 1 per student

## Steps

### Step One

1. Use crayons to draw patterns over the 30 cm x 30 cm (12" x 12") Bristol board.
2. Press hard with the crayon.
3. Paint over the whole paper with watercolours to create a crayon resist design.

### Step Two

1. Draw diagonal lines from corner to corner on the back of the Bristol board to make an X.

### Step Three

1. Fold all 4 sides of the Bristol board into the centre of the X.
2. Make sure the outer edge of the Bristol board lines up with the centre of the X.
3. Make sure you fold all 4 sides into the X.

### Step Four

1. Unfold the Bristol board.
2. Mark a dot and small arrow at the intersection of the folds in the 4 corners.
3. Make sure the arrows are facing each other.

### Step Five

1. Cut along each crease in the direction of the arrow and stop at each dot.
2. There should be 4 cuts.

### Step Six

1. Place the Bristol board on top of a piece of thick sponge.
2. Use scissors, or a pen to poke a hole through the centre of the X.
3. Press through the Bristol board and into the sponge.

### Step Seven

1. The hole should be right in the centre of the Bristol board. This is where the paper fastener will poke through.

### Step Eight

1. Place the Bristol board with the painted side facing down.
2. Fold the sides up and tuck the 2 small flaps in.
3. Put lots of Washable glue all over the large flap and fold it up to make the box.
4. Place a large paper clip on both ends of each flap to hold the paper in place until the glue dries. You should use 4 paper clips on each side of the box.

### Step Nine

1. Cut out the clock face and glue it to the plastic lid.
2. Place the lid on top of a piece of thick sponge.
3. Poke a hole through the centre of the lid with the tip of a pair of scissors, or a pen. Press firmly into the sponge to make the hole.

### Step Ten

1. Wrap a pipe cleaner around the top of a paper fastener.
2. Thread a large bead onto the paper fastener and push it up to the pipe cleaner to hold it in place.

### Step Eleven

1. Put washable glue on the back of the plastic lid.
2. Place the lid on top of the box and poke the paper fastener through the hole.

### Step Twelve

1. Flatten the legs of the paper fastener on the inside of the box.
2. Make sure they are firmly in place.

### Step Thirteen

1. Follow the same steps as you did for the top of the box to make the bottom of the box using the 29 cm x 29 cm (11.75" x 11.75") piece of Bristol board.
2. Put the two parts of the box together to make it sturdy.
3. Twist the ends of the pipe cleaner to shorten the clock hands.
4. Use glitter glue and other embellishments to add details to your clock.
5. Use your clock to practice telling the time.

## Learning Goals

Students will be able to:

1. Create a 3-dimensional analog clock;
2. Create patterns using crayon resist technique;
3. Use the clock to practice telling and writing the time;
4. Demonstrate technical accomplishment and creativity; and
5. Support their ideas with evidence found in the works.

## Extensions

1. Have students measure the dimensions of their clock using mathematical language, e.g., height, length.
2. Have students estimate how many student-made clocks it will take to cover a variety of surfaces, then place the clocks on the surface to count them.
3. Have students design and create a digital clock, and then compare the two clocks and how they were made.

## Prepare

1. Download images of clocks from the Internet, or find images in books or magazines.
Swiss Clock
Austrian Clock
Clock
Digital Clock
Digital Wall Clock
2. Download the Colour poster available on this website.
Posters
3. Gather and make available picture books about time, for example, The Clock Struck One: A Time-telling Tale, by Trudy Harris; What Time Is It, Mr. Crocodile?, by Judy Sierra; Telling Time with Big Mama Cat, by Dan Harper; A Second Is A Hiccup, by Hazel Hutchins; Bats Around the Clock, by Kathi Appelt.
4. Photocopy the clock face pattern, enough for each student. (Downloads – Clockface_Pattern.pdf)
5. Prior to this lesson have children learn how to tell time with an analog clock.
6. Create a sample clock.

## Introduction

1. View the various pictures of clocks and chart the differences between analog and digital clocks.
2. Review the parts of an analog clock.
3. Show students your sample clock.
4. Have students take turns writing different times on a chart paper, and ask other students to show that time on the clock.
5. Introduce the challenge.

## Activities

### The Challenge

1. Create a 3-dimensional analog clock.
2. Create patterns using crayon resist technique.
3. Use the clock to practice telling and writing the time.
4. Demonstrate technical accomplishment and creativity.
5. Support your ideas with evidence found in the works.

### The Process

1. Ensure that everyone understands the challenge.
2. Establish success criteria with your students, for example,
- careful measuring
- careful gluing
- unique patterns
- paper in good condition
- contrasting colours
- clock works
3. Guide students through the steps outlined in this lesson plan.
4. Observe students as they work.
5. Provide individual assistance and encouragement.

## Sharing

1. Once all the clocks are complete ask students to share them in partners or small groups.
Look closely at the clocks and how they are made.
- Share thoughts about the work.
- Talk about how pattern, detail and colour are used to create a unique clock.

- Talk about what was difficult about making the clock and explain why.
- Tell what was satisfying about making the clock and explain why.
2. Ask some students to share their ideas with the whole class.
3. Provide time for students to use their clocks to practice telling and writing time throughout the next few weeks.

## Assessment

1. Observe students as they work – thoughtful focus, discriminating, seeking more information, elaborating, experimenting
2. Observe students as they discuss their clocks – active listening, insightful contributions, supporting ideas with evidence found in the artwork and from personal experience.
3. Use a checklist to track progress. (Downloads – Clock_tracking.pdf)
4. Have students use the self-assessment form to evaluate their work. (Downloads – Clock_self-assessment.pdf)