THE BULGE – Creating Optical Illusions

Students use coloured pencils and The Bulge worksheet to create an optical illusion of 3-dimensional spheres on a 2-dimensional surface.

Required Time

60 Minutes

Grade Level

Grade 4 to Grade 8

Subject

Mathematics
Visual Arts

Vocabulary

2-dimensional 3-dimensional op art optical illusion

Materials

Crayola Coloured Pencils - 24 Count Crayola Scissors Rulers Erasers Pencils The Bulge Worksheet - 1 per student

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Steps

THE BULGE – Creating Optical Illusions - Step One

Step One

  1. Follow the instructions on The Bulge worksheet. (Downloads - BULGE.pdf)
  2. Cut out the circles to use as tracers.
  3. Decide how many circles you want to use in your design.
  4. Arrange the circles in the square and use a pencil to trace around them.
THE BULGE – Creating Optical Illusions - Step Two

Step Two

  1. Use a ruler to draw horizontal and vertical lines to connect the dots on the sides of the square. 
THE BULGE – Creating Optical Illusions - Step Three

Step Three

  1. When you come to the circle gently curve the lines as if you are moving over the surface of a sphere.
THE BULGE – Creating Optical Illusions - Step Four

Step Four

  1. Once all the lines are drawn you may want to go back and double them. 
THE BULGE – Creating Optical Illusions - Step Five

Step Five

  1. Colour in the spaces using a variety of coloured pencil techniques. 

Learning Goals

Students will be able to:

  • create an optical illusion of 3-dimensional spheres on a 2-dimensional surface;
  • use coloured pencil techniques to create the illusion of depth;
  • follow written instructions to accurately complete an op art design.

Extensions

Have students:

  • explore Op Art at Tate Kids;
  • apply their understanding of how to create an optical illusion by making a 3-dimensional op art work;
  • explain how they made their work to others.

Prepare

  1. Prior to this lesson you may want to have your students complete the Coloured Pencil Techniques worksheet available on this website.
  2. Download and copy the Bulge worksheets - enough for 1 per student. (Downloads - Bulge.pdf).
  3. Download images of op art from the Internet, for example,
    Vasarely
    Vasarely2
    Tousignant
    Riley

Introduction

  1. Display the op art images.
  2. Discuss the works and make a list of characteristics of the art, for example,
    - although the works are flat they fool the eye into thinking they are 3-dimensional, or actually moving
    - a mathematical form of art based on geometry
    - non-objective
    - uses contrasting colour, line and shape to create a sense of movement
    - uses perspective 
    - positive and negative spaces are equally important
  3. Introduce the challenge.

Activities

The Challenge

  1. Create an optical illusion of 3-dimensional spheres on a 2-dimensional surface.
  2. Use coloured pencil techniques to create the illusion of depth.
  3. Follow written instructions to accurately complete an op art design.

The Process

  1. Ensure that everyone understands the challenge.
  2. Establish success criteria with your students, for example,
    I know I am successful when I have:
    - measured correctly
    - drawn the bulge design accurately
    - used colour combinations effectively 
    - used shading effectively
    - keot the paper in good condition
  3. Guide students through the steps outlined in worksheet.
  4. Observe students as they work.
  5. Encourage them to share and expand on each others' ideas.  
  6. Provide individual assistance and encouragement.

Sharing

  1. Place students into small groups and have them share thoughts about the work.
  2. During the discussion include references to: 
     Colour - how colour combinations and shading affect the overall impact of the work
    -  Technical accomplishment - how the condition of the paper, careful measurement and attention to detail affect the overall impact of the work
  3. Ask students what they found satisfying about doing this project and why.
  4. Ask them what was difficult about doing this project and why.

Assessment

  1. Observe students as they work – thoughtful focus, discriminating, seeking more information, elaborating, experimenting.
  2. Observe students as they discuss the artworks – active listening, insightful contributions, supporting ideas with evidence found in the artwork and from personal experience.
  3. Use a checklist to track progress. (Download - Bulge_worksheet_tracking.pdf)
  4. Have students use the self-assessment form to evaluate their work. (Download - Bulge_worksheet_self-assessment.pdf)