PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN – Bookmaking, Line Design

Students engage in critical thinking activities that help them understand the principles of design, and then make a mini book and create a fine line marker design that demonstrates their understanding of key concepts.

Required Time

150 Minutes

Grade Level

Grade 6 to Grade 10

Subject

Language Arts
Visual Arts

Vocabulary

art balance contrast design emphasis harmony movement photography proportion repetition rhythm unity variety

Materials

Fine Line Markers Glue Stick Scissors Construction Paper

Steps

PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN – Bookmaking, Line Design - Step One

Step One

  1. Cut around the border on the front page of the book template.
PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN – Bookmaking, Line Design - Step Two

Step Two

  1. Fold the paper in half two times in both directions to make 16 boxes.
  2. Open it up.
PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN – Bookmaking, Line Design - Step Three

Step Three

  1. Fold the paper in half lengthwise – long end to long end.
PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN – Bookmaking, Line Design - Step Four

Step Four

  1. Cut from the fold along each crease, stopping at the horizontal fold.
  2. Make 3 cuts.
PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN – Bookmaking, Line Design - Step Five

Step Five

  1. Open up the paper.
  2. Cut along the top fold of the 2 inside rectangles to make 4 flaps.
PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN – Bookmaking, Line Design - Step Six

Step Six

  1. Fold the 4 flaps back so they line up with the outside edges of the paper.
PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN – Bookmaking, Line Design - Step Seven

Step Seven

  1. Turn the paper over with the flaps face down.
PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN – Bookmaking, Line Design - Step Eight

Step Eight

  1. Fold the outside short ends of the paper into the centre.
PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN – Bookmaking, Line Design - Step Nine

Step Nine

  1. Fold the paper in half short end to short end.
  2. Make sure the flaps are facing out.
PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN – Bookmaking, Line Design - Step Ten

Step Ten

  1. Hold the outside edges of the paper and push towards the centre until you see a box formed.
  2. Keep pushing until all the pages line up.
PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN – Bookmaking, Line Design - Step Eleven

Step Eleven

  1. Flatten the paper then fold it in half to create the 16-page book.
PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN – Bookmaking, Line Design - Step Twelve

Step Twelve

  1. The outside covers of your book should be blank.
  2. The first page of your book should be CONTRAST.
PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN – Bookmaking, Line Design - Step Thirteen

Step Thirteen

  1. Use construction paper to make a cover for the mini book.
  2. Use a glue stick to fasten the cover to the book. 
PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN – Bookmaking, Line Design - Step Fourteen

Step Fourteen

  1. Choose 3 principles.
  2. Highlight them on the chart in your mini book.
  3. Create a design that demonstrates the 3 principles you selected on the next 2 pages in your book.

Learning Goals

Student will be able to:

  1. Identify 10 commonly used principles of design;
  2. Create a mini book containing a design that demonstrates their understanding of 3 principles of design; 
  3. Demonstrate technical accomplishment and creativity; and
  4. Support their ideas with evidence found in the works.

Extensions

Have students:

  1. Use their device to take photographs that demonstrate each of the principles of design and then use the images to create a quiz/game to test their peers' understanding of the principles. 

 

Prepare

  1. Prior to the lesson teach/review the Elements of Design. You may want to use the lesson plan available on this website.
    Elements of Design
  2. Download the Principles of Design posters available on this website,
    Principles of Design Posters
  3. Photocopy the Principles of Design Mini Book handout (Downloads - Principles_Minibook.pdf) - enough for each student to have one.
    The handout includes instructions for creating the mini book and 2 pages to be copied on a single sheet of paper. Be sure to print the pages in the correct position so the book will line up properly.
  4. Download images from the Internet for each principle, for example,
    Pattern1
    Pattern2
    Pattern3
    Contrast1
    Contrast2
    Contrast3
    Emphasis1
    Emphasis2
    Emphasis3
    Balance1
    Balance2
    Balance3
    Proportion/Scale1
    Proportion/Scale2
    Proportion3
    Harmony1
    Harmony2
    Harmony3
    Rhythm1
    Rhythm2
    Rhythm3
    Movement1
    Movement2
    Movement3
    Unity1
    Unity2
    Unity3

Introduction

  1. Introduce the principles of design.
    the principles of design are the ways of organizing the elements to make any visual design
    - if you were making a cake, the principles would be the specific recipe you use to combine the ingredients. In art and design, the principles are contrast, proportion, repetition, movement, rhythm, variety, emphasis, balance, unity and harmony
  2. View the images for each principle and discuss them as a class.
  3. Challenge students to brainstorm career opportunities that use the principles of design, e.g., graphic designer, photographer, artist, interior decorator, clothing designer etc. - build on previous discussions about careers in design.
  4. Introduce the challenge.

Activities

The Challenge

  1. Identify 10 commonly used principles of design.
  2. Create a mini book containing a design that demonstrates your understanding of 3 principles of design.
  3. Demonstrate technical accomplishment and creativity.
  4. Support your ideas with evidence found in the works.

The Process

  1. Ensure that everyone understands the challenge.
  2. Establish success criteria with your students, for example,
    - attention to detail
    - mini book is accurately constructed
    - design accurately demonstrates 3 chosen principles of design
    - paper is in good condition
  3. Guide students through the steps outlined in this lesson plan.
  4. Observe students as they work.
  5. Provide individual assistance and encouragement.

 

Sharing

  1. Once the mini books are complete ask the students to share them in small groups. Ask them to:
    Look closely at the design and determine whether it accurately represents the 3 chosen principles.
    - Talk about other principles that may be present in the design.
    - Share thoughts and opinions of what works and what can be improved.
  2. Ask some of the students to share their ideas with the whole class.

 

Assessment

  1. Observe students as they work – attention to detail, tranfer of knowledge from lesson to activity, collaboration with classmates. 
  2. Observe students as they discuss their work – active listening, insightful contributions, supporting ideas with evidence found in the work and from personal experience.
  3. Use checklist to track progress. (Downloads – Principles_tracking.pdf)
  4. Have students use the self-assessment form to evaluate their work. (Downloads – Principles_self-assessment.pdf)