MOSAIC MAGIC – Colour, Shape and Space

Students use tempera paint to colour recycled bottle lids and use them to create a mosaic. 

Required Time

120 Minutes

Grade Level

Pre-Kindergarten to Grade 2


Art Techniques
Language Arts
Visual Arts


depth mosaic negative space positive space


Dollar Store Canvas Board Recycled Bottle Lids Tempera Paint Watercolour Paints Paint Brushes

Shop Crayola Products


MOSAIC MAGIC – Colour, Shape and Space - Step One

Step One

Draw a few sketches of what you might want to create.

MOSAIC MAGIC – Colour, Shape and Space - Step Two

Step Two

Paint the bottle lids at the painting centre. Set lids aside to dry overnight.


MOSAIC MAGIC – Colour, Shape and Space - Step Three

Step Three

Use watercolour paints to cover the canvas board with colours that go well with your mosaic design.

MOSAIC MAGIC – Colour, Shape and Space - Step Four

Step Four

Once the canvas is dry use Crayola Washable Glue to attach the lids. Make several layers of lids to add depth to the mosaic. 


MOSAIC MAGIC – Colour, Shape and Space - Step Five

Step Five

Glue the completed mosaic onto a piece of black construction paper.

Learning Goals

Students will be able to:

  1. Create a mosaic;
  2. Use positive and negative space, and layering to create the illusion of depth;
  3. Use contrasting colours to add emphasis;
  4. Work independently and self-regulate; and
  5. Demonstrate a sense of accomplishment.



  1. Language Arts – Have children write a poem about their mosaic art.
  2. Math Centre – Provide math pattern blocks for students to use to create shapes, animals, people etc.
  3. Science Centre – Go on a nature walk to collect pebbles and small natural objects such as acorns. Use these natural objects to make a mosaic by pressing them into air dry clay.


  1. Prior to the lesson have students explore math pattern blocks using pattern sheets.
  2. Gather all materials listed under requirements.
  3. Ask students to bring in water bottle lids.
  4. Collect posters and books with images of mosaic art.  
  5. Download images of mosaic art, for example, 
    Bottlecap Mosaic
    Cat Mosaic
    Cuban Building



  1. View the images of mosaic art. 
  2. ​Ask students to think about how the art was made. Ask them to tell you what they see that gives them that idea.
  3. Ask students if they have seen mosaics in their home or community? (kitchen backsplashes, garden stones, decorative bowls)
  4. Explain the process of making a mosaic and tell students that they will have a chance to make their own mosaic.
  5. If possible go on nature walk to look at flowers you have in your environmant. Talk about the colours, patterns and size of the flowers.
  6. Have students pick a flower they would like to create a mosaic of.
  7. Encourage students to find pictures of flowers in books if they did not go on a nature walk.


The Challenge

  1. Use your imagination and problem-solving skills to create a mosaic flower.
  2. Use positive and negative space, and layering to create depth.
  3. Use contrasting colours to add emphasis.
  4. Share your ideas with others.

The Process

  1. Walk students through the steps in this project.
  2. Observe students as they work. From time to time ask students to stop and view their work from a distance so they can see it with fresh eyes.
  3. As students are working ask questions, for example,
    - What are you enjoying about this activity?
    - Why did you choose to create that flower? 
    - How many lids did you use? 
    - What part of your flower stands out the most? Why?
    - What effect does placing lids on top of each other have on your design?
  4. Provide individual assistance and encouragement.


  1. Place students in groups of 3 or 4 and ask them to share their mosaics with each other. Ask students to share the following:
    Why did you choose that flower?
    - What do you like about each others' work?
    - What other materials could you use to make a mosaic picture? (siticks, broken crayon pieces, glue stick lids, stones. etc.)
  2. Display all the mosaics in the classroom.


  1. Observe students as they work  – thoughtful focus, discriminating, seeking more information, elaborating, experimenting
  2. Observe students as they discuss the art works – active listening, insightful contributions, supporting ideas with evidence found in the artwork and from personal experience.
  3. Have students use the self-assessment form to evaluate their work. (Download - MOSAIC_self-assessment.pdf)