# MIX A RAINBOW – Primary and Secondary Colours

Students use the primary colours of Model Magic to mix the secondary colours and then use the Model Magic to create a picture of a rainbow that tells a story.

80 Minutes

Language Arts
Mathematics
Science
Visual Arts

#### Vocabulary

coil colour primary colours rainbow secondary colours

#### Materials

Crayola Model Magic Classpack - Assorted Colours Crayola Washable Glue Sticks Crayola Scissors Pencils Bristol Board or Other Heavy Cardboard - 22.9 cm x 30.5 cm (9" x 12") - 1 per student Toothpicks

## Steps

### Step One

1. Roll 2 small balls each of YELLOW, RED and BLUE Model Magic.
2. These are the PRIMARY COLOURS.
3. Make them all the same size - about the size of a small plum.

### Step Two

1. Divide one of each colour ball in half - you should have:
- 1 big RED ball and 2 small RED balls
- 1 big YELLOW ball and 2 small YELLOW balls
- 1 big BLUE ball and 2 small BLUE balls

### Step Three

1. Mix a small red ball with a small yellow ball to get ORANGE.
2. This is called a SECONDARY COLOUR.
3. Mix a small blue ball with a small yellow ball to get GREEN.
4. Mix a small red ball with a small blue ball to get VIOLET.

### Step Four

1. Use the big RED ball.
2. Roll it into a long coil (snake).
3. Spread your fingers and apply even pressure as you roll out the Model Magic.
4. Place the coil on the cardboard in the shape of a rainbow.
5. Trace the shape with a pencil.

### Step Five

1. Apply glue to the pencil line.
2. Press the coil onto the glue.

### Step Six

1. Roll an ORANGE coil next.
2. Apply glue to the cardboard along the edge of the red coil.
3. Press the orange coil onto the glue and stick it to the cardboard.
4. Keep making and adding coils in the rainbow order.
5. Apply glue along the edge of each new coil and then press the Model Magic onto the glue.

### Step Seven

1. When the whole rainbow is complete add details that tell a story.
2. Model the details by rolling, squeezing and cutting out shapes.
3. Press the Model Magic details into the Model Magic or onto the cardboard.
- When sticking Model Magic to the cardboard apply glue first to make sure it sticks.

## Learning Goals

Students will be able to:

• identify the characteristics of primary and secondary colours;
• mix primary colours of Model Magic to make secondary colours;
• create a picture of a rainbow in the correct order of colours;
• add details to their rainbow picture so that it tells a story;
• demonstrate technical accomplishment and creativity.

## Extensions

Have students:

• ​mix primary colours of paint to make a range of new colours;
• paint the colours randomly on a large piece of mural paper
• mix some of the colours with white and add them to the mural;
• mix some of the colours with a small amount of black and add them to the mural;
• gradually fill the paper with of lots of colours;
• find magazine photos to match as many colours as possible;
• cut or tear the pictures and collage them to the painted paper;
• give the mural a title;
• explain how they decided on the title.

## Prepare

1. Gather and make available books about colour and rainbows, for example, Pantone: Colors, by Pantone; Mix It Up! by Herve Tullet; A Book About Color: A Clear and Simple Guide for Young Artists, by Mark Gonyea; Mouse Paint, by Ellen Stoll Walsh; and My Many Colored Days, by Dr. Seuss; A Rainbow of My Own, by Don Freeman; The Rainbows, by Mr John Caritas; Rainbow: Ready-to-Read Level 1, by Marion Dane Bauer, and John Wallace and How the Crayons Saved the Rainbow, by Monica Sweeney, and Feronia Parker-Thomas.
Double Rainbow
Niagara Rainbow

## Introduction

1. View and discuss a picture such as Niagara Rainbow
- Who has seen a rainbow?
- What is special about rainbows?
- What do you know about rainbows?
- What are the colours of a rainbow?
2. Conduct a read-aloud with a book about how rainbows are created such as Rainbow: Ready-to-Read Level 1, by Marion Dane Bauer, and John Wallace focussing on the science as well as the colours.
3. View and discuss the colour wheel.
- The colour wheel is a way to show how colours can be mixed and how colours work together.
- There are 3 primary colours - colours that cannot be created by mixing other colours. The primary colours are red, yellow and blue.
- There are 3 secondary colours - colours you can make by mixing equal amounts of 2 primary colours. The secondary colours are orange, green and violet.
4. Demonstrate how to mix 2 colours of Model Magic by kneading them together with your fingers.
5. Introduce the challenge.

## Activities

### The Challenge

1. Explain what primary and secondary colours are.
2. Mix primary colours of Model Magic to make secondary colours.
3. Create a picture of a rainbow in the correct order of colours.
4. Add details to your rainbow picture so that it tells a story.
5. Demonstrate technical accomplishment and creativity.

### The Process

1. Ensure that everyone understands the challenge.
2. Establish success criteria with your students, for example,
I know I am successful when I have:
- mixed 3 secondary colours
- rolled long thin coils of Model Magic
- created a rainbow with the colours in the correct order
- explained what a primary colour is
- explained what a secondary colour is
- named the 3 primary colours
- named the 3 secondary colours
- added details to my rainbow picture so it tells a story

- kept everything in good condition
3. Guide students through the steps outlined in this lesson plan.
4. Observe students as they work.
5. Provide individual assistance and encouragement.

## Sharing

1. Place students into small groups.
- Compare their work and tell each other their stories.
- Explain how their details help tell the story.
- Tell what they like best about their pictures.

- Talk about what was difficult and what was easy for them.
3. Share ideas with the whole class.
4. Ask them to tell how they felt about doing this project.

## Assessment

1. Observe students as they work – thoughtful focus, discriminating, seeking more information, elaborating, experimenting.
2. Observe students as they discuss their pictures – speaks with a clear voice, looks at audience while speaking, points to areas on the picture, provides accurate information, answers questions from the audience effectively.
3. Observe students as they listen – looks at presenter, asks effective questions, supports ideas with evidence found in the artwork.