HAPPY HAT – Shape, Form, Pattern

Students create a cone shaped hat decorated with crayon resist geometric patterns.

Required Time

80 Minutes

Grade Level

Kindergarten to Grade 3


Social Studies
Visual Arts


circle diamond geometric shapes organic rectangle shape square triangle


Half Sheet Bristol Board Tissue Paper Other Embellishments (optional) Spray Bottle of Water Stapler Crayons Watercolour Paints Paint Brushes

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HAPPY HAT – Shape, Form, Pattern - Step One

Step One

  1. Draw a semi-circle the full length of a piece of Bristol board so the base is about 71 cm (28"). Cut it out. 
HAPPY HAT – Shape, Form, Pattern - Step Two

Step Two

  1. Use shape tracers and crayons to make a design all over the Bristol board.
  2. Use geometric and organic shapes.
  3. Create patterns.
HAPPY HAT – Shape, Form, Pattern - Step Three

Step Three

  1. Use watercolours to paint over the whole Bristol board.
  2. Use several colours and let them mix  together. 
HAPPY HAT – Shape, Form, Pattern - Step Four

Step Four

  1. Fold the Bristol board into a cone.
  2. Measure it so it fits your head. 
HAPPY HAT – Shape, Form, Pattern - Step Five

Step Five

  1. Staple the cone together.
HAPPY HAT – Shape, Form, Pattern - Step Six

Step Six

  1. Use markers to scribble lots of coloured lines all over a piece of tissue paper.
  2. Lightly spray the tissue paper with water.
HAPPY HAT – Shape, Form, Pattern - Step Seven

Step Seven

  1. When the tissue paper is dry softly crunch it into a long strip. 
HAPPY HAT – Shape, Form, Pattern - Step Eight

Step Eight

  1. Decorate the cone with glitter glue and other things.
HAPPY HAT – Shape, Form, Pattern - Step Nine

Step Nine

  1. Staple the tissue paper to the base of the cone.

Learning Goals

Students will be able to:

  1. Create a cone shaped hat;
  2. Create patterns with geometric and organic shapes;
  3. Use crayon resist technique;
  4. Explain their process; and
  5. Express opinions about the works.


Have students:

  1. Use the crayon resist technique and shape tracers to create a set of small shape cards – one for each of 5 shapes. 
  2. Ask them to find examples of the various shapes in their home – for example, square tiles, and round plates, and record them on the back of the appropriate card.
  3. Invite students to share what they have found with each other.


  1. Gather materials needed for this lesson. 
  2. Place students in groups of about 6 so they can share the materials.
  3. Cut out enough shape tracers for each group.
  4. Gather books about shape, for example, Shape by Shape, by Suse Macdonald, A Circle Here, A Square There, by David Diehl, I Spy Shapes in Art, by Lucy Micklethwaite, Round is a Mooncake, by Roseanne Thong
  5. Download the shape poster available on this website.


  1. Introduce the idea of shapes to students by reading one of the shape books, and referring to the shape poster. 
  2. Invite students to point out shapes they see in the classroom. Make a small doodle drawing to represent the object along with the word for it in the appropriate column.
  3. Explain that shapes are so much fun that today they are all going to make a Happy Hat to celebrate shapes.
  4. Introduce the challenge.


The Challenge

  1. Create a cone shaped hat
  2. Create patterns with geometric and organic shapes.
  3. Use crayon resist technique.
  4. Explain how you made your hat.
  5. Share ideas about each others' hats.

The Process

  1. Guide students through the steps in this project.
  2. Encourage them to share ideas and to learn from each other.
  3. Provide individual assistance and encouragement.


  1. Ask students to wear their hats as they walk slowly around the room.
  2. On your signal, ask them to stop and face someone. 
  3. Have students share their hats with their partner. Ask them to say one thing that they think is special about their partner's hat.
  4. Ask students to continue to walk around the room on your signal, stopping and sharing repeatedly.
  5. Have students return to their seats. Invite them to share something about the hats with the whole class.


  1. Observe students as they work – thoughtful focus, discriminating, seeking more information, elaborating, experimenting
  2. Use a checklist to track progress. (Downloads - HAT_tracking.pdf)
  3. Have students reflect on their work using the self-assessment form. (Downloads - HAT_self-assessment.pdf)