EXPLORING TEXTURE – Rubbing Plates, Crayon Resist

Students create rubbing plates with Crayola Washable Glue and use them with crayons and paint to explore real and simulated texture.

Required Time

80 Minutes

Grade Level

Grade 1 to Grade 8

Subject

Art Techniques

Vocabulary

crayon resist line real texture repetition rubbing plate simulated texture texture

Materials

White Glue Crayons - Regular not Washable Watercolour Paint Paint Brushes Water Containers White Cardstock or Bristol Board Paper - 8 cm x 15 cm (3" x 6") Paper Towels Painting Paper

Steps

EXPLORING TEXTURE – Rubbing Plates, Crayon Resist - Step One

Step One

  1. Make 3 different texture cards.
  2. Draw different patterns on each of the pieces of Bristol board with glue.
  3. Set the cards aside to dry for about 3 hours.
  4. When they are dry, run your fingers over the surface. 
  5. This is real texture that you can feel.
EXPLORING TEXTURE – Rubbing Plates, Crayon Resist - Step Two

Step Two

  1. Use the texture cards as rubbing plates
  2. Place a piece of paper on top of the rubbing plate and colour over it with a crayon.
  3. This is called making a rubbing.
  4. See what happens when you place the paper on top of the plate in a different direction and use a different coloured crayon to make the rubbing.  
EXPLORING TEXTURE – Rubbing Plates, Crayon Resist - Step Three

Step Three

  1. Once you are satisfied with the rubbing paint over it with watercolour paint.
EXPLORING TEXTURE – Rubbing Plates, Crayon Resist - Step Four

Step Four

  1. The paint and crayon won't mix.
  2. Notice how the paint sits on top of the wax crayon.
EXPLORING TEXTURE – Rubbing Plates, Crayon Resist - Step Five

Step Five

  1. When the paint dries you can polish the card by lightly rubbing it with a tissue.
  2. The card now looks as if it has 3-dimensional textures even though it is flat.
  3. This is called simulated texture.

Learning Goals

Students will be able to:

  1. create 3 different rubbing plates using glue;
  2. explore a variety of ways to use colour to create simulated texture;
  3. build on their own and others’ discoveries to generate new ideas;
  4. explain their process;
  5. express opinions about the artworks.

Extensions

Have students:

  • use the papers they have created in mixed media projects using lesson plans such as Setting the Scene and My Favourite Things found on this website;
  • continue to experiment with ways to create the illusion of texture using a variety of materials and ideas.

 

Prepare

  1. Place students in groups so they can share materials.
  2. Gather plastic placemats one for each student.
  3. Precut the cardstock enough for each student to have 3 pieces.
  4. Make a sample rubbing plate. 
  5. Gather a variety of textured materials that can be used to make rubbings.
  6. You may want to get the book, Crayon Rubbings, by The Editors of Klutz. 
  7. Download the Texture Poster available on this website.
  8. Prepare a spot for plates to dry for about 3 hours.

Introduction

  1. Introduce the idea of making rubbings to students.
  2. Demonstrate how images can be created using crayons and allow students to make a few on a chart paper using the textured materials.
    - place a Toonie under a piece of paper
    - colour on top of the paper with a crayon
    - use different amounts of pressure
  3. Discuss the element of texture and the idea of real and simulated textures.
  4. Discuss the element of line and characteristics of lines, for example, direction, width, and length.
  5. Explain that today's lesson is a workshop to explore how to make a variety of textures.
    - It will take two sessions to complete, one to make the texture cards, and another to use them. 
    - It's for experimenting and trying out ideas to see what happens. 
  6. Introduce the challenge.

Activities

The Challenge

  1. Create 3 different rubbing plates using glue.
  2. Explore a variety of ways to use colour to create simulated texture.
  3. Build on your own and others’ discoveries to generate new ideas.
  4. Explain your process.
  5. Express opinions about the artworks.

The Process

  1. Ensure that students understand the challenge.
  2. Establish success criteria with your students, for example,
    I know I am successful when I have:
    - used my own ideas to make my rubbing plates
    - used different ways to combine crayon colours
    - used different ways to combine paint over the crayon
    - explained how I made my rubbings
  3. Guide students through the steps outlined in the lesson plan.
  4. Observe students as they work.
  5. Provide individual assistance and encouragement.

Sharing

  1. Place students into small groups. 
  2. Ask them to: 
    - Compare their work and describe to each other what they did to get certain effects.
    - Consider how doing these experiments might help them if they were creating another type of artwork.
    - Talk about what they learned from each other.
  3. Share ideas with the whole class. 
  4. Ask them to tell how they felt about doing this activity.

Assessment

  1. Observe students as they work – thoughtful focus, discriminating, seeking more information, elaborating, experimenting.
  2. Observe students as they discuss the artworks – active listening, insightful contributions, supporting ideas with evidence found in the artwork and from personal experience.
  3. Use a checklist to track progress. (Downloads - Texture_tracking.pdf)
  4. Have students reflect on their process and explain the difference between real and simulated texture in their sketchbook/journals.