BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes

Students work with geometric shapes and symmetry to create a 3-dimensional witch. They use construction paper crayons and metallic coloured pencils to add details and special effects.

Required Time

80 Minutes

Grade Level

Grade 4 to Grade 7

Subject

Language Arts
Mathematics
Social Studies
Visual Arts

Vocabulary

base contrast emphasis isosceles triangle line line of symmetry line segment oval symmetrical shape symmetry texture vertex

Materials

Washable Glue Googly Eyes and Other Embellishments Photocopy Paper Pencils Erasers Rulers Large Paper Clips Black Construction Paper 30 cm X 45 cm (12” x 18”) Crayola Construction Paper Crayons Crayola Metallic Coloured Pencils

Steps

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step One

Step One

Cut out the geometric shapes to use as tracers.

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Two

Step Two

Trace the large isosceles triangle onto the photocopy paper.

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Three

Step Three

Fold the paper in half so that it folds the isosceles triangle in half too. (The fold goes from the centre of the base of the triangle to the topmost vertex.)

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Four

Step Four

Fold the large oval in half widthwise. Place it on the triangle near the middle and line up the crease of the fold with the fold of the triangle – the lines of symmetry. Trace the oval.

 

 

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Five

Step Five

Fold the small oval in half lengthwise. Place it on the triangle so that the bottom of the oval sits on the base of the triangle, and the crease of the fold lines up with the fold of the triangle – the lines of symmetry.

 

 

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Six

Step Six

Draw a line from the intersection of the ovals to the vertex of the triangle as shown.

 

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Seven

Step Seven

Erase the line segment that starts at the vertex of the triangle and ends at the first intersection of the large oval and the triangle.

 

 

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Eight

Step Eight

Fold the paper in half and cut it out to create a symmetrical shape.

 

 

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Nine

Step Nine

Fold the black construction paper in half. Place the folded shape along the fold of the construction paper. Place the topmost vertex of the triangle at the top of the construction paper. Paperclip the shape to the construction paper. 

 

 

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Ten

Step Ten

Use a ruler to draw a line from the vertex at the base of the triangle to the outer edge of the construction paper. 

 

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Eleven

Step Eleven

Cut along the ruler line and then the outer edge of the shape. Remove the paperclips and open the black construction paper. Place the small oval on the construction paper and trace around it so it matches the plan drawing on your white photocopy paper. Be sure to line up the line of symmetry folds.

 

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Twelve

Step Twelve

Fold the large oval in half widthwise. Place it on the black paper to form shoulders for the witch. Place the longest fold at the bottom of the construction paper. Line up the vertical fold with the line of symmetry fold. Trace around the edge of the large oval.

 

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Thirteen

Step Thirteen

Cut about half way along the lower edge of the symmetrical shape to form the bottom of the hair.

 

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Fourteen

Step Fourteen

Fold a small piece of black construction paper in half and cut out a small triangle for the nose.

 

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Fifteen

Step Fifteen

While the paper is still folded, cut a small part off both vertexes on the base of the triangle at about a 45° angle. 

 

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Sixteen

Step Sixteen

This will make tabs for attaching the nose. 

 

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Seventeen

Step Seventeen

Place the nose on the face at the centre fold to see if you like it and if it is the right size. 

 

 

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Eighteen

Step Eighteen

Use construction paper crayons and metallic coloured pencils to colour the witch. Add other embellishments to make it unique. Remember to colour the nose before you attach it to the face.

 

BOO! – Contrast, Symmetry, Geometric Shapes - Step Nineteen

Step Nineteen

Use Crayola Washable Glue to attach the nose and other embellishments. Use glitter glue to add special effects. When the glue is dry fold the strip of construction paper around to the back and staple the ends together to allow your witch to stand.

 

Learning Goals

Students will be able to:

  1. Use geometric shapes and symmetry to create a 3-dimensional witch;
  2. Use blending techniques and line to create texture; 
  3. Use contrast to create emphasis;
  4. Demonstrate technical accomplishment and creativity; and
  5. Support their ideas with evidence found in the works.

Extensions

  1. Use this technique to make self portraits, or historical portraits.
  2. Have students explore this technique using other shapes to create different creatures or imaginary people. Once they have developed an idea, have them write instructions for how to make it and then teach it to their peers. 

Prepare

  1. Gather materials needed for this lesson. 
  2. Place students in groups of about 6 so they can share the materials.
  3. Review geometric terms related to shapes and symmetry.
  4. You may want to discuss witches in history. If so, download sources from the Internet, for example,
    Witches Did You Know
    Halloween Witch
    Macbeth Witch
    Wizard of Oz
  5. Make a sample.
  6. Download the geometric shape templates from this website and make enough copies for students to share.

Introduction

  1. Show your sample and ask students if they can see any connection to geometry in the creation.
  2. Discuss the kinds of shapes and how they have been assembled to create an imaginary witch.
  3. Discuss how line and contrast can be used to make the witch more interesting and add to its personality.
  4. Introduce the challenge.

Activities

The Challenge

  1. Use symmetry and geometric shapes to create a 3-dimensional witch.
  2. Use line and blending technique to create texture.
  3. Use contrast to create areas of emphasis.
  4. Demonstrate creativity and technical accomplishment.

The Process

  1. Guide students through the steps in this project.
  2. Observe students as they work. From time to time ask them to stop and view their work from a bit of a distance so they can see it with 'fresh eyes'.
  3. Provide individual assistance and encouragement.

Sharing

  1. Place students in small groups of about 3 to 6 people.
  2. Challenge them to figure out a way to introduce their witches to the class. Encourage them to use dramatic skills to make the introductions interesting and fun.
  3. Once students have introduced their witches talk about how the introduction fit with the look of the witch. 
  4. During the discussion include references to:
    contrast - how it was used to add emphasis to parts of the witch and contribute to its pesonality
    - technique – the effects of different blending techniques and the use of lines to add texture and detail 

Assessment

  1. Observe students as they work – thoughtful focus, discriminating, seeking more information, elaborating, experimenting
  2. Observe students as they discuss the art works – active listening, insightful contributions, supporting ideas with evidence found in the artwork and from personal experience.
  3. Use a checklist to track progress. (Download - Witch_tracking.pdf)