# ALL ABOARD! – One-Point Perspective, Space, Colour

Students create a one-point perspective drawing and use coloured pencil techniques to create the illusion of depth.

120 Minutes

Mathematics
Visual Arts

#### Vocabulary

background depth foreground horizon line linear perspective middle ground one-point perspective space vanishing point

#### Materials

Crayola Coloured Pencils - 24 Count Crayola Marker & Watercolour Paper - 22.9 cm x 30.5 cm (9" x 12") Crayola Washable Glue Sticks Pencils Erasers Rulers

## Steps

### Step One

1. Before beginning your perspective drawing use the Coloured Pencil Techniques worksheets to explore ways to use the coloured pencils. (Downloads - ColouredPencilWorksheet.pdf)
2. You will use some of these techniques to colour your perspective drawing.

### Step Two

1. Choose a photocopy of one of the train track pictures.
2. Cut out a small section of your picture that includes a segment of the track.
3. Glue it to your paper.
4. Make sure you place it on the paper in a spot that matches its placement in the photograph,e.g.
- If you cut out a section that includes the horizon line, make sure you glue the section where the horizon line will be in your drawing.
- If you cut out a section that is in the foreground of the photocopy, make sure you glue your section in the foreground on your paper.

### Step Three

1. Find the vanishing point on your drawing.
2. Place your ruler along one of the tracks.
3. Lightly draw a line extending the track in both directions
4. Repeat for the other track.
5. The spot where the 2 lines meet is the vanishing point.

### Step Four

1. Find the horizon line on your drawing.
2. It is the horizontal line that passes through the vanishing point.
- sometimes called the eye-level line
- the line where the sky and earth seem to meet
- parallel to the bottom of the paper
3. Draw the horizon line across your whole paper.

### Step Five

1. Place your ruler along one of the tracks.
2. Line it up with the vanishing point.
3. Draw a line extending the track to the bottom edge of your paper.
4. Repeat for the other track.

### Step Six

1. Draw the objects that are parallel to the picture plane and closest to the viewer first, e.g.,
- the face of a building
- the track ties

- the trunk of a tree
2. Draw all vertical and horizontal lines parallel to the side or bottom of the paper.
3. Draw the railway ties closer and closer together as they recede into the distance.

### Step Seven

1. Use your ruler to line up the top and bottom of the ends of objects so they converge with the vanishing point, e.g.,
- the sides of the house
- the roof line
- the top of the door
2. Draw the lines carefully to make sure the angles are correct.
3. Add lots of details to your drawing to make it interesting.
4. Erase any guide lines.

### Step Eight

1. Use a variety of coloured pencil techniques to colour your drawing.
2. Remember that colour can help create the illusion of depth.
- colours of things closest to the viewer look bright
- colours in the distance look dull and pale
- details in the distance look fuzzy
- details in the foreground look sharp

## Learning Goals

Students will be able to:

• create a one-point perspective drawing;
• use a variety of coloured pencil techniques;
• use contrast and shading to create the illusion of depth;
• demonstrate technical accomplishment;
• support their ideas with evidence found in the artworks.

## Extensions

Have students:

• draw different polyhedrons using one-point perspective;
• shade the drawings using a variety of colours;
• teach a peer how to draw one-point perspective objects.

## Prepare

1. Prior to starting the perspective lesson have students do the Coloured Pencil Techniques worksheet. (Downloads - ColouredPencilWorksheet.pdf)
2. Download and photocopy a variety of train images from the Internet. Be sure they demonstrate one-point perspective, for example,
Chamus
Salem
Station
Tunnel
Dockendorf
St Erth
3. Write the steps for drawing one-point perspective objects on a chart paper.
- Draw the horizon line. This is at the viewer's eye level.
- Draw a vanishing point on the horizon line. This is the point directly in front of the viewer.
- Draw a vertical line to represent the edge of an object that is closest to the viewer.
- Lightly draw guide lines from the top and bottom of the line to the vanishing point.
- Use the guidelines to determine the angle of the receding lines.
- Draw things that are standing straight up and down parallel to the sides of the paper.
- Draw things that are meant to lie flat parallel to the top and bottom of the paper.
4. Download images of perspective in art from the Internet, for example,
One-Point
Spitfire
Masaccio
De La Hyre
Summer Day

## Introduction

1. Examine several of the photographs and discuss how the illusion of depth is created. Place a ruler over the pictures to show how lines meet at one point – the vanishing point.
2. Explain the concept of linear perspective and one-point perspective in particular.
3. View the chart of instructions as you discuss the process.
4. View some of the perspective images and discuss how colour and detail add to the sense of space in the pictures.
5. Have students identify characteristics of colour and detail in various parts of the pictures. Make a list of these characteristics on a chart paper.
- colours closest to the viewer are brighter and more intense than colours in the background
- details closest to the viewer are sharper than details in the background
- things in the background are smaller than things in the foreground
- things in the background are higher on the picture plane than things in the foreground

6. Introduce the challenge.

## Activities

### The Challenge

1. Create a one-point perspective drawing that includes train tracks.
2. Use a variety of coloured pencil techniques.
3. Use contrast and shading to create the illusion of depth.
4. Demonstrate technical accomplishment.
5. Support your ideas with evidence found in the artworks.

### The Process

1. Make sure everyone understands the challenge.
2. Establish success criteria with your students, for example,
I know I am successful when:
- the composition is carefully drawn
- one-point perspective is accurate
- shading gives the illusion of depth
- contrasting colours create the illusion of depth
- colours are bright in the foreground
- colours are dull in the background
- lines are used to create different textures
- the paper is in good condition
3. Guide students through the steps outlined in this lesson plan.
4. Observe students as they work.
5. Provide individual assistance and encouragement.

## Sharing

1. Place students into small groups.
- Compare their work and describe to each other what they did to get certain effects.
- Talk about coloured pencil techniques they used and why.
- Talk about what was difficult and what was easy for them.
3. Share ideas with the whole class.
4. Ask them to tell how they felt about doing this project.

## Assessment

1. Observe students as they work – thoughtful focus, discriminating, seeking more information, elaborating, experimenting.
2. Observe students as they discuss their drawings – speaks with a clear voice, looks at audience while speaking, points to areas in the drawing, provides accurate information, answers questions from the audience effectively.
3. Observe students as they listen – looks at presenter, asks effective questions, supports ideas with evidence found in the artwork.