# 3-D PICTURE GRAPH – Shape, Colour, Data

Students create a 3-D picture graph using construction paper and Model Magic shapes.

120 Minutes

Language Arts
Mathematics
Visual Arts

#### Vocabulary

batch blend column graph picture graph primary colours rule sort

#### Materials

Rolling Pin or Piece of Dowel Ruler Small Cookie Cutters Fine Line Markers Model Magic Modelling Compound Construction Paper Glitter Glue Scissors White Glue

## Steps

### Step One

1. Make 3 batches of shapes.
2. Make each batch a different colour.
3. Make at least one batch a mixed colour.
4. To make a mixed colour choose 2 primary colours and blend them together.

### Step Two

1. Choose one batch of Model Magic and roll it out until it is about .5 cm (1/4”) thick.
2. Use a variety of cookie cutters to make some shapes.
3. Repeat with the other 2 batches to make a total of about 15 shapes.

### Step Three

1. Use small pieces of Model Magic, glitter glue or beads to add details to each shape.
2. Set the shapes aside to dry overnight.

### Step Four

1. Divide each side of the construction paper into 4 cm (1.5 ") sections.
2. Use a marker and ruler to mark the sides of your construction paper.
3. Join the dots on opposite sides of the paper to create a grid.

### Step Five

1. Use glitter glue to trace over all the lines on the graph.
2. Glue from the top of the line to the bottom so your hand does not get in the way.
3. Put it aside to dry.

### Step Six

1. Sort similar shapes into groups.
2. Use a tally sheet to count the number of shapes you have in each group.
3. Each time you count a shape, make a mark in the column for that shape.
4. Add up the total for each shape and write it on the bottom of your tally sheet.

### Step Seven

1. Use Crayola Washable Glue to attach your shapes to the grid.
2. Make sure you place similar shapes in the same column to make your picture graph.

### Step Eight

1. View your picture graph with fresh eyes.

## Learning Goals

Students will be able to:

1. Create a 3-D picture graph with 5 columns.
2. Create a variety of shapes using Model Magic and small cutting tools.
3. Use primary colours to create a mixed colour.
4. Demonstrate their understanding of how to read a graph.
5. Demonstrate technical accomplishment and creativity, and
6. Support their ideas with evidence found in the works.

## Extensions

Have students:

1. Survey their classmates to find out what kind of ice cream they like.
2. Tally the results for each flavour.
3. Use coloured geometric stickers or small cut-out, geometric shapes to graph the results on a picture graph.

## Prepare

1. Pre-cut the construction paper 20 cm x 20 cm (8” x 8”).
Colour
3. Gather and make available picture books about graphing and data management, for example, Tally O'Malley, by Stuart Murphy & Cynthia Jabar; Family Reunion, by Bonnie Bader, The Great Graph Contest, by Loreen Leedy; Tiger Math: Learning to Graph from a Baby Tiger, by Ann Whitehead Nagda.
4. Prepare a tally sheet with pictures of 3 different objects, such as fruit or toys, at the top.
5. Prepare a graph chart paper with the same 3 objects at the top.

## Introduction

2. Show students the tally sheet and ask them which is their favourite object.
3. Put a tally mark under the appropriate picture for each student’s choice. (4 strokes with a diagonal line through them to indicate 5)
4. Count the tally marks in each column and write the total at the bottom.
5. Draw the appropriate number of pictures in each column to demonstrate how the picture graph works.
6. Practice interpreting the data on the graph.
7. Introduce the challenge.

## Activities

### The Challenge

1. Create a 3-D picture graph with 5 columns.
2. Create a variety of shapes using Model Magic and small cutting tools.
3. Use primary colours to create a mixed colour.
5. Demonstrate technical accomplishment and creativity, and
6. Support your ideas with evidence found in the works.

### The Process

1. ​Make sure that everyone understands the challenge.
2. Establish success criteria with your students, for example,
- careful measuring
- careful gluing
- at least one mixed colour
- variety of shapes
- able to correctly read the graph
3. Guide students through the steps in the lesson plan.
4. Demonstrate how to use the glitter glue on the marker lines so it does not smudge.
5. Observe students as they work.
6. Provide individual assistance and encouragement.

## Sharing

1. Once all the graphs are completed ask students to share them in partners or small groups. Ask them to:
- Look closely at the graphs.
- Talk about how shape and colour are used to create a pattern.
- Discuss the use of more than one colour and how colour is used in each shape.
- Take turns comparing your graphs and explaining what they mean.
- Create 3 questions that can be answered by your graph, for example,
1. How many shapes are there in total?
2. What shape is there the most of?
3. How many more fish than flowers are there?
2. Ask some students to share their ideas with the whole class.
3. Display the graphs so students can view them as a body of work throughout the next few weeks.

## Assessment

1. Observe students as they work – thoughtful focus, discriminating, seeking more information, elaborating, experimenting.
2. Observe students as they discuss and interpret their graph – active listening, insightful contributions, supporting ideas with evidence found in the artwork and from personal experience.